When the winter chrysanthemums go,
there’s nothing to write about
Matsuo Bashō (1644 – 1694)
The humble, spicy radish- whether served alone with butter and salt, alongside a taco, pickled with sushi, or the subject of poetry – this shape shifting root is in the spot light right now as November’s Harvest of the Month!
Earlier this month, over 6,000 local students tasted local radishes from Mountain Bounty Farm.
The radish is a member of the Brassicacea or Cruciferacea family along with other vegetables such as kale, collards, broccoli, arugula, cauliflower, collards, cabbage, canola, turnips, horseradish and mustards. Just think- all of these varied cousins descended long ago from a single wild mustard. That’s a lot of inherent diversity!
There aren’t great archeological records of the history of radishes around the world, but there is some evidence that the center of origin for the radish is in Southeast Asia. The first historical records of radishes come to us from Greek and Roman writings from the 3rd century B.C. It is also thought that the radish was one of the first European crops to be brought to the Americas. And why not? The radish is a fast growing crop that does well germinating in cool temperatures, making it an ideal crop for spring and fall plantings.
All parts of it are edible, and there are even some varieties grown for their seed’s oil producing capabilities. In fact, radish seeds were an important source of oil in Ancient Egypt before olive trees were introduced to the country. Certain varieties of radish are still grown for oil production today. Although not popular for human consumption (the flavor is very strong) they have potential as a bio-fuel .
Have you ever eaten a radish seedpod? Some varieties are grown specifically for their seeds or seedpods, rather than their roots. The Rat-tailed radish, an old European variety thought to have come from East Asia centuries ago, has long, thin, curly pods which can exceed 8 in in length. In the 17th century, the pods were often pickled and served with meat. The München Bier variety supplies spicy seed pods that are sometimes served raw as an accompaniment to beer in Germany.
Here are a few more fun facts to increase your radish literacy…
- Night of the Radishes: In Oaxaca in Mexico, December 23rd is known as “The Night of the Radishes” (Noche de Rabanos). The festival features depictions of all kinds of subjects, including nativity scenes – all carved from radishes!
- Hot weather, hot radishes! If it’s a long, hot summer, you get hotter radishes and similarly when it’s milder you get cooler radishes.
- Ancient Wages: Radishes, onions and garlic were paid as ‘wages’ to the Ancient Egyptian laborers who built the Pyramids.
- Giant radishes: Some varieties of radish can grow up to 3ft long, weighing 100lbs (45kg). Needless to say, you’re unlikely to see these in your local supermarket!
Nutritional Facts: Radishes are rich in ascorbic acid, folic acid, and potassium. They are a good source of vitamin B6, riboflavin, magnesium, copper, and calcium. One cup of sliced red radish bulbs provides approximately 19 Calories, largely from carbohydrates.
Radishes are available now at local farmer’s markets- you can add them to salads, do a quick pickle with rice wine vinegar, eat with fresh cheese or just munch them as they are. Or, get adventurous and cook them!
Roasted Radishes with Radish Greens
- 1. 3 bunches small radishes with greens attached
- 2. 2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
- 3. Salt and freshly ground pepper
- 4. 2 tablespoons unsalted butter
- 5. 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
- 1. Preheat the oven to 500°. Trim the radishes and wash the greens; pat dry.
- 2. In a large ovenproof skillet, heat the oil until shimmering. Add the radishes, season with salt and pepper and cook over high heat, stirring occasionally, until lightly browned in spots, about 2 minutes. Transfer the skillet to the oven and roast the radishes for 15 minutes, until crisp-tender.
- 3. Return the skillet to the burner and stir in the butter to coat the radishes. Add the radish greens and cook over moderate heat until they are wilted, about 2 minutes. Add the lemon juice and season with salt. Serve the radishes right away.
In addition to these radishes, over 2,500 local students participated in even more tastings this month, thanks to Sierra Harvest’s farm to school program. During the first week of November, over 20 chefs went into 19 schools as part of the their annual “Tasting Week” where students taste local, seasonal produce prepared by talented local chefs who want to get kids excited about where their food comes from and how good it can taste! Check out some of the recipes they used featuring seasonal items!
Sierra Harvest is so grateful to these local chefs who volunteered their time to educate the youth of our community!